ArmOS is a full-featured, prioritized, multitasking, message based, real-time
operating system which provides a comprehensive set of system services to the
tasks which operate under it. These include process management services,
memory management services, interprocess messaging services, timer services,
interrupt management services, console services, Networking services, Mutex
services, Device services, Storage services, System control services and more.
The OS also provides a facility for installable services, so that extensions
can be provided which integrate seemlessly with the OS API.
An integrated debugger is incorporated into the OS which provides
an isolated context to troubleshoot processor exceptions, memory protection violations,
software panics and general softare debugging. The debugger includes standard
debug commands (memory examine/modify, CPU/register manipulation, disassembly,
breakpoint, single-step etc.) as well as well as functions specific to the
operation system, including message/pool auditing, stack callback tracing,
and commands to dump OS state, timer, console message, mutex & network queues,
as well as internal operating system state variables.
There are two build modes: A debug build incorporates extensive error
diagnostics, and traps directly to the debugger in the event of an hardware or
software exception. A release build disables the more processor intensive
error diagnostics, and automatically recovers from exceptions (It can be set to
trap to the debugger so that problems can be diagnosed in the field if needed).
ArmOS employs a device independent driver model allowing it to be deployed
on vastly different hardware platforms. It is currently used in line of ARM7
and ARM9 based telephone/voip switching products.
The ArmOS file system is a general purpose file system with a few unique
additional capabilities. Although it appears at first glance to be an integral
part of ArmOS, it is in fact an independent installed extension/service.
The main features of the ArmOS file system are:
- Very efficient real-time profile.
- Very flexible device geometry support, allowing it to support any NAND
flash device type available currently or in the forseeable future.
- Wear leveling to insure erase/write activity is spread over the entire
- Bad block detection and management.
- Standard API functions include: open, close, read, write, seek, delete,
mkdir, rmdir, find_first, find_next, modify_dir_entry etc.
- Provides both an OS API and a message based interface, including the ability to
be efficiently accessed from within an interrupt handler.
- Additional/unusual features provided in support of telephony application:
- Ability to select error correction on a file by file basis.
- Ability to handle an unlimited number of open directories (used for voice
mailboxes) with near-zero overhead in access via those directories.
- Ability to easily obtain the directory entry corresponding to an open file.
- Ability to easily obtain the full path to a given directory index.
- Ability to drop unwanted data from the beginning of a file.
- A file update notification service to advise an application when a file has
- Presentation of the NOR code flash device as a virtual device allowing
firmware updates to be shared and installed over the network file system.
Data Switch Operating System is the proprietary multitasking kernel embedded
in a line of small office Data PBX switching systems. It's main features are:
- Very efficient real-time performance.
- Support for up to 32 serial devices running at 19200bps, with fast routing
of data between devices.
- Ability to hand off processing to "smart" linecards for differing interfaces,
and route the data through the same channels as directly attached devices.
- Console interface for configuration, as well as status reporting and real
Cubix is a single user operating system that I developed in the 1980s for
my 6809 Portable Computer. It's main features are:
- ROM based (8K including I/O drivers) for instant access.
- Portable, easily implemented on any 6809 system.
- Support for virtually any disk drive geometry.
- Directory structured file system with protections.
- Integral command line interpreter can be involced from with application
- Built in scripting language allows "programs" to be written using Cubix
commands and utilities as statements.
- Over 100 system calls provide a built in library of common I/O, file access
and utility functions.
- Any device driver (including disks) can be installed or replaced via system
call at any time.
- Ability to support for background task(s)
- Includes many utility programs for the manipulation and diagnostics of files,
directories and disks.
- Many powerful applications, including:
- Powerful screen (window) text editor
- 6809 Assembler
- 6809 Debugger
- Micro APL interpreter
- Micro BASIC intereter
- Micro C compiler
- Micro FORTH compiler
- Intel 8080 simulator with integrated debugger
The "Dunfield 6809" system and it's software is described in more detail on
my classic computing website.
Device Management Facility is a small OS I wrote in the late 1970s for my
8080 based Altair 8800. As the name suggests it was mainly a means of managing
the system devices which included the console and several other serial ports,
a NorthStar MDS-A disk subsystem and a 9-track tape drive with a handmade
The main features of DMF are:
- Loads into the "orphan" block of memory above the NorthStar disk controller
(F000-FFFF) leaving the entire contiguous block below the disk controller
(0000-E8FF) available for application use.
- User definable I/O drivers with a common interface specification.
- Simple (one level directory) file system.
- A command interpreter/shell, with several built in commands, and utilities
for performing system maintenance and other functions.
- Several larger application program including:
- Line and visual mode text editors.
- 8080 Assembler, disassembler and debugger.
- BASIC interpreter.
- Tape backup utility for transferring files to/from the 9-track drive.
- NorthStar DOS emulator - this loads into RAM at the address of NorthStar
DOS and translated the NorthStar DOS alls into DMF service requests, allowing
NorthStar DOS applications to be run under DMF.
Copyright 2012-2019 Dave Dunfield.